Why does my leg ache?
There are lots of different reason as to why you are suffering from aching legs. Here is a list of the top 10 reasons why most people suffer from tired aching legs. [toc]
Tight, constant and abrupt leg cramps are quite often than not brought on by muscle fatigue, heat or dehydration. Muscle cramps are usually more prevalent among the elderly as well as athletes who do not properly warm up before vigorous exercise involving their legs. Generally, you are able to relieve muscle cramps simply by stopping whatever caused them. Sometimes , lightly stretching or massaging your lower leg muscle can help. Heat compression on tight muscles or cold to tender muscles can also help with some symptoms. Making sure to properly stretch your muscles before exercise can help prevent muscles cramps in future.
Shin Splints is the medical name for exercise-induced pain in lower legs, this injury often occurs when connective tissues and muscles on the edge of the shin bone get inflamed. This kind of injury quite often arises following running or jumping activities on hard surfaces such as concrete flooring, or form playing sports that consist of abrupt twisting and stopping and starting, such as football or tennis. The repeated pressure can overload your muscles and tendons surrounding your shin bone causing it to become inflamed. If you have Flat feet you are more likely to develop shin splints as excessive outward rotation of the foot and leg can place extra strain on yours shins. Pain often disappears with rest. You can quicken your recovery by applying ice compression to your shins, by taking anti-inflammatory medication, and avoiding any situation that can cause strain and pressure on the shins. After the pain goes away you should do leg stretching exercises to help strengthen your lower legs and prevent the injury form reoccurring. You should also make sure to wear supportive orthotic shoes or shock-absorbing insoles that will help to better protect and support your shins. Avoiding running on hard surfaces such as concrete is also a good idea.
Injured tendons or muscles
One of the causes of pain in the legs is caused by an injured tendon or muscle. Tendonitis the most common from of tendon injury and can cause discomfort in the lower calf or back of the heel. Injured tendons and muscles in your legs can occur after strenuous activity and not warming up properly beforehand. This can cause the tendon to become inflamed and overstretched. Applying ice compression to the affected leg and wearing orthopedic supportive shoes can help to lessen tension on tendons may help with your recovery. Just like shin splints, make sure to wait until pain reduces to stretch and strengthen your leg. If you have severe leg pain it can be a sign that your Achilles tendon has ruptured. If this is the case then you should seek immediate medical advice.
Broken bone or sprained joint
A broken bone or sprain to your knee or ankle may also cause leg pain. With mild sprains, you should try to rest your affected leg, apply ice, compression and elevate your leg. If you are suffering from more severe sprain or fracture, make sure to seek medical advice as soon as possible. A doctor may prescribe to you a cast or support brace to help with your recovery. You may even require physiotherapy to further increase movement and boost your recovery. Eventually, you should re gain strength in your legs to support the weakened bone or joint.
Narrowed spinal canal (stenosis) and sciatica
A not uncommon cause of a narrowed spinal canal is arthritis of the spine. Often a herniated disc places pressure upon surrounding nerve roots, this can result in symptoms of sciatica include weakness, instability, fatigue, numbness, tingling as well as leg cramp and pain when standing or sitting. Pain can start in your back and hip then gradually progress down down into your leg. Unlike other causes of leg pain Sciatica in many instances doesn’t improve just by resting your legs. Treatment may also consist of a brief period of rest, using taking anti-inflammatory and painkillers, as needed. Physiotherapy and stretching exercises can also help as well as applying cold and heat compression to the affected area can also help ease symptoms . If you have this condition your Doctor may also suggest other therapies or surgery if other treatments do not work.
Blood clot or DVT
If you have a blood clot that happens within a vein deep then this is called a deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Just about all deep vein blood clots occur in the lower leg or thigh. You are more likely to develop DVT when you are sedentary for long periods of time, smoke or require prescription drugs that raises risk of clots. Blood clots can be life threatening. In the event that you suspect that you have a blood clot you should seek medical assistance as soon as possible. Wearing shoes and socks that do not restrict blood flow is one way to combat against getting blood cots.
Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease
Just like the heart, the lining of arteries within your legs can become damaged and narrowed this can in turn decrease blood flow around your legs. This could bring about lower leg pain (called claudication) when walking, climbing stairs or other kinds of exercise since your muscles will not be receiving an adequate blood supply. Resting your legs can help to ease this pain. If blood vessels get significantly narrowed or blocked even when you are resting pain will remain a problem until this is fixed. if you leave this condition untreated Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease may cause tissue in your leg to to die triggering gangrene. People who are greater risk of developing this disease include: smokers, people with diabetes, high blood pressure and/or high cholesterol. Things that you can try to help treat and prevent this disease include exercising more, reducing your consumption of alcohol and foods that increase cholesterol levels and quitting smoking. In the most serious cases an operation may be required to reduce the narrowing of your arteries.
Weakened valves and vein walls could potentially cause twisted dark blue or purple veins close to the surface of your skin (varicose veins). Varicose veins can trigger a dull ache, particularly following standing for a long period of time. Wearing support stockings can help. You can also try to alternate between standing and sitting. In case your varicose veins are severely painful the you should make an appointment with your Doctor who will be able to advice you on other types of treatment.
Skin or soft tissue infection
A skin or soft tissue infection may look red and feel sensitive, inflamed and warm. Warm soaks can help you ease pain. Your Doctor might also suggest the usage of antibiotics to treat the infection. In the event that your symptoms become worse or you start getting a high temperature, then you must seek medical advice right away.
The nerves in your legs are responsible for sending sensory signals to your brain allowing you to feel and move your legs. If you have diabetes then you are at greater risk of damaging these nerves preventing them from working properly. This is due to the risk of higher blood sugar levels because of the lack of insulin in your blood. When this occurs is called it is called diabetic neuropathy and this condition can cause pain in both legs along with numbness and reduced sensation in the feet and lower legs. Treatment involves managing pain with painkillers and managing blood glucose levels to stop further nerve damage.
Best insoles for treating tired aching legs
A lot depends on precisely what is leading to the pain and the symptoms. You should always Seek out medical health advice when you have worries. Wearing a pair of orthotic insoles can help by correcting the way that your feet function and helping to ease pressure off key parts of your feet and legs.