What is a bunion?
The medical name for a bunions is a “hallux valgus”. A bunion is a bony, deformity found on the joint of the big toe that typically cause the big toe to point towards the other toes of the foot.
What is a bunion on the foot?
What might be causing a bunion is not always clear in the majority of cases. The problem scan be caused by a wide range of different things from biomechanical imbalances to wearing ill fitting shoes.
If you wear high heeled shoes you have a much higher chance of developing a bunion because of the shoes that you wear. High heel shoes tend to push the toes in unnatural positions which can cause excessive pressure on the big toe leading to bunions.
How can you prevent a bunion?
If you want to avoid bunions then it is a good idea to wear comfortable, flat shoes that have a wide toe box. Also you should make sure to wear insoles that help to correct any biomechanical imbalances that could contribute to excessive pressure on the big toe. If you already have a bunion wearing gel bunion pads can help to protect your big toe from further pressure and damage preventing your bunion from getting worse.
Why do some bunions hurt?
Constant excessive pressure on the big toe joint can push the big toe into pointing towards the other toes, that leads to an sore lump on the side of the joint. Whilst walking our big toe must endure a high level of pressure and strain to support the rest of our feet, if you have a bunion this pressure can become concentrated on the bunion causing it become inflamed and painful.